Baramati is a city and a municipal council in Pune district in the state of Maharashtra, India. Baramati will be the first town in India to get Wimax Deployment.
Agriculture is the main occupation of the people in Baramati. The main food crops grown include sugarcane, grapes, and cotton. Grapes and sugar are being exported to markets in the Middle East and Europe.
Baramati is one of the well known historical places in Maharashtra. It is situated on the banks of the river Karha. The town has a historical significance because of Shri. Babuji Naik. The town is also famous in Maharashtra because of the popular poet Moropant, the great legendary poet laureate.
The town has a long history of about 400 years. The town has two old temples which are built around 750 AD. One of them is of Shri Kashivishweshwar- based on the west bank of the river, the other is of Shri Siddheshwar, located on the east bank of the river. Sidheshwar Temple is a master piece of architecture. The temple is located near Babuji Naik's Mansion. In this temple we find the gigantic idol of 'Nandi'. It is simply the superb piece of sculpture. We find the references of both these temples in the great epic "Shiv Lilamrut" by another famous poet Shridhar Swami.
Once upon a time, it is said that, Baramati was ruled by the Yadavas of Devagiri. But later on, after the fall of the Yadav rule, it was immersed in the reign of Bahmani Sultanate. Fortunately we find very authentic and credible historical references of Baramati's History in the books of Dr. Shejwalkar & James Grant Duff- the well known historians.
According to James Grant Duff, Nijam Shah of Ahemednagar, gifted Baramati to Malojiraje Bhosale, in 1603 AD. Thus Baramati was ruled by Bhosale and later on it was included the great reign of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. That time it was administered by Dadoji Konddeo. After the decline of the Maratha Empire Baramati was ruled by the Mughals of Delhi in the 17th century.
Then after Aurangzeb's death, it was won by the Marathas. Around 1745AD Shahu Maharaj handed over the charge of Baramati to Babuji Naik. He was the great administrator as well as the patron of arts and religion. It is he who gave the royal support and patronage to Kavivarya Moropant- the pioneer of "Arya". Moropant was born in the village Saundal.
It has an average elevation of 538 metres (1765 feet). Baramati receives a scant rainfall mainly in June to August. Weather in Baramati is Dry and Hot in Summer, Winter temperature goes as low as 18 Degree Celsius.
Baramati and surrounding areas mostly depend on Agriculture as the main source of income. The land in the region is very well fertilized and Canals from Nira river provides Water supply to farms.
Main crops include SugarCane, Grapes, Jawari, Cotton and Wheat. Grapes and Sugar is exported from here. There is a huge Market place for cotton and food grains in the city.
Apart from agriculture Baramati is home for a lot of industries which range from Steel Processing to Wine making.
Indian Seamless Metal Tubes ISMT, Piaggio Automobiles, Dynamix Dairy, Baramati Grape Industries, Spantex Ltd, Somani Textiles are based in Baramati. Apart from these big industries Baramati has a host of other Middle and Small Scale industries in Area.
As of 2001 India census, Baramati had a population of 51,342. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Baramati has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 56% of the males and 44% of females literate. 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Baramati is well connected by road with major cities in State. Baramati is 100 km from Pune by road. It connects to major highways by road network. Baramati is also well connected by Rail Network to Pune. Baramati has an airport which is currently catering a Flying School. Baramati is considered to be one of the future domestic airports in the region. The condition of roads in City is very good and city has a ring road built around the periphery of City.
Baramati has created a niche for itself in the field of education. Last decade has seen growth of Baramati as a Prominent Education Center with Colleges and Schools ranging from Engineering to BioTechnology to Law.
Baramati and surround area has three major places which have become well know education centers in the state.
Vidya Pratishthan offers courses from Primary Education to Masters Degree. Vidyanagari has a Law College, Engineering College, BioTechnology College apart from Primary School and Arts, Commerce, Science College.
Sharadabai Pawar Campus offers dedicated college for girls. Courses here include Basic Graduation, Junior College and Bachelors Degree in Education.
Campus in Malegaon offers wide range of Technology and Management Courses. The campus has an Engineering College, a Management Institute and a Pharmacy College.
Baramati is the birthplace of Nathuram Godse, who was born here in 1910. Baramati is also the home town of Indian political leader Sharad Pawar, who is currently Indian Union Agriculture Minister.